Intermediate Techniques,  Learn Vedic Astrology

The Four Aims of Life: The Purusharthas

The word “Purusharta” in Sanskrit roughly translates as “the focus of all human dreams or endeavors.”  Every action in our human life is motivated by one of the four Purusharthas or primary motivations in life.

The four Purusharthas are Dharma, Artha, Kama, and Moksha.

Dharma  – Purpose

Artha – Wealth

Kama – Desire

Moksha – Liberation


The Purusharthas symbolize a person’s lifetime, from birth to death.  When we are still young, we express our Dharma most clearly.  We act on impulse, pursue our heart’s desire, learn and enjoy our favorite hobbies without expecting anything in return (such as financial), and live life acting out our innate personality.

The houses in the Vedic chart which indicate Dharma are the 1st, 5th, and 9th house of the zodiac.

The first house is our core personality and the sum of our physical being.  It is the house from which the rest of the chart coordinates.  The rest of the birth chart will have support or lack thereof depending on the strength or weakness of the first house.

The fifth house is the house of self-expression through creativity, entertainment, joy, fun, excitement, and all activities which use our intelligence for the expression of our natural inclinations and hobbies in life.  It is also the house of teaching others because that also brings a sense of purpose and satisfaction in our lives.

The ninth house is the house of higher knowledge, wisdom, and spiritual activities. Things we do which bring an even broader sense of happiness in our soul.  When we express our Dharma through our ninth house, we are representing the higher activities of the soul which bring happiness and contentment because they are focused on higher realms of life. The ninth house is the house of University and top degrees such as Master’s or Ph.D.  It is where we pursue our real passion in life but bring it to a higher octave.  That is why this house represents higher knowledge and wisdom.  Such subjects convey a much more profound satisfaction to the soul’s purpose than our lower pursuits in life.


Then we enter our 20’s and 30’s, and our goal is to acquire a job or career that will support our Artha needs.  Money and wealth become the prime motivator.  We seek a job that will pay our bills and gives us the top necessities of life to have a home to live in and help support our family.  We cannot afford to just live out by our Dharma, or natural inclinations if it does not help pay our bills.

Artha is one area in which people may change course, and lose their original Dharma in life.  If pursuing our passion does not pay our bills, we tend to neglect that area of life and focus 100% on acquiring Artha or money only.  Then, as a result, we become depressed and wonder why we are not happy even though we have all the material things in life we need.  The answer lies in having become disconnected with our original Dharma, our true inclinations which genuinely make us happy; the something we would be doing in life if money did not matter.

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The Artha houses are the 2nd, 6th, and 10th houses of the zodiac.

The second house is the house of our most immediate needs in life.  The food we eat, the clothes we wear, the money in our savings account, and our most immediate family members. When we are young, these immediate family members tend to be our parents or those who give us upbringing, siblings if we have any, and any other close person who lives with us and we grow up with.  When we are older, these family members become our spouse, children, and anyone else who lives in our domestic environment and helps pay our bills, etc.  And when we are elderly, this becomes the children whose house we live in and who give us the necessities of life, or any other environment which supports us in this way. The second house thus shows the domestic support and economic substance we receive in early life.


Next are the Kama houses.  The Kama means “desire” or “deep longing.”  These desires are usually satisfied through contact with other people.  These desires tend to fulfill our physical appetites, as well as any alternative aspirations which bring pleasure to our minds and bodies.

The Kama houses are the 3rd, 7th, and 11th houses.

The third house is the house of our most immediate pleasures.  These are our day-to-day desires and fulfillment thereof.  These include sexual satisfaction (which is why Venus in the third house tends to give high sexual libido), the pleasure of communicating with others, the excitement that comes through the adrenaline we experience after a courageous event, and other simple day-to-day pleasures of life which we can acquire immediately.

The seventh house is the pleasure we acquire through our marriage partners. The marriage partner brings the pleasure of love, sexuality, commitment, and fulfilling our desires on a more intimate and long-lasting level.  It is also the general pleasure of contact with other people in general; the pleasure we experience through sex-appeal and general attraction between us and others.

The eleventh house is the pleasure we acquire through fulfilling our larger ambitions, desires, and long-term goals in life.  This house shows our ability and pleasure of acquiring anything we may desire in life, which includes all our dreams and wishes.  It is also the pleasure we derive from others through group interactions, teams, communities, and any connections we have with others through networking and connecting with groups of people on a larger scale.


Finally is Moksha.  Moksha is the phase of life either towards the end of our human experience when we renounce all other activities involving Artha and Kama and become like children again.  We quit earning a living and the physical pleasures of life.

In India the ideal dream would be to renounce home and family life and live like a renunciate to pursue the ultimate spiritual enlightenment, away from the tumult of daily life.

However, these four aims of life could, from the perspective of the human evolution of the soul.

A person’s Vedic Astrology chart will tend to show inclinations towards a particular Purushartha.  Some people predominantly have planets in Dharma houses, others in Artha, others in Kama, and others in Moksha houses.  This situation also applies to planets in given signs. Houses of the zodiac correspond to the signs of the zodiac. Aries and the first house share similar significations, as well as Sagittarius and the ninth house, etcetera. Thus, if a person has many planets in the fourth house in the sign of Capricorn, not only will home and family be essential to that person, but also career because Capricorn is the natural tenth sign of the zodiac.

Therefore, a person may be living out this particular lifetime playing out the Purushartha of Artha, and money, wealth and earning may be the prime motivator of that human life.  Others may be living out the Purushartha goal of Moksha and may renounce the world early in life and become a spiritual renunciate, such as a nun or monk, or other similar forms of spiritual or religious renunciates.

What is Your Motivating Purushartha in this Lifetime?

Everyone is living our their particular Dharma in this lifetime.  The chart shows what our inclinations are which we brought over from previous lifetimes, but it does not show our level of consciousness.

The critical thing to do to follow our Dharma in life is to OWN OUR CHARTS.  Own who we are.  Do not try to be someone we are not.  If your prime motivation in life is to be a creative artist, OWN YOURSELF.  Do not let society tell you that you have to become rich and be a financial advisor, for example.


This applies to any scenario in life and for all astrological charts.  Everyone and everything in life have its Dharma to fulfill in life.  BE YOURSELF!  The Dharma of the Sun is to shed light on all, the Dharma of water is to flow and nourish, the Dharma of trees is to provide shade, or fruits, or oxygen, etc.  Same goes for each one of us.  We each have a particular tune to play in this lifetime.  PLAY IT!  We each have our part in the Orchestra of Life.  BE YOUR INSTRUMENT.  If you are a Cello, do not try to be a Violin, and vice versa.

Read your chart and see if you can figure out what Purushartha is the primary motivator for you in this life, and find out what your Dharma is.  Be yourself, own your chart, and instead of trying to change your destiny, first try to perfect what is in front of you right here and right now.  Do not try to renounce yourself and your life for some faraway dream when you still have loose ends in your life that need attention.  Focus on what’s in front of you AT THIS MOMENT and become perfect at that.  If that means you sweep floors for a living, LEARN TO DO IT PERFECTLY!  Whatever you do now put your best into it, and things will unfold by themselves in your life.  Wherever life has destined you to be at this moment, OWN IT and make the best out of it, and DO IT WITH JOY!  Then you will find out that trying to quit your life for another life was never what you needed to do in the first place.  You will find out that what you needed to do was have a CHANGE IN CONSCIOUSNESS in which you learn to appreciate what you have in front of you at this moment and own it and make it the best possible.  OWN YOUR CHART, and you will be content and much happier in your life.  Try it!

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Monica is a Vedic Astrologer since 2009. She has a B.A. in Psychology. Her deep passion for the spiritual and occult side of life has led her on a path to go deeper into the mysteries of life, and to seek the underlying causes of phenomena and events. This is what led her down the path of Vedic Astrology (Jyotish). She began by studying Western Astrology first, but it still was not enough. After about three months of studying Western Astrology she came across a book by James Braha on Western Astrology, but the back cover said he actually practiced Hindu Astrology. She became curious about this different astrology she had never heard about and immediately called him and ordered his books. He sent her her chart to study alongside her new Hindu (Vedic) Astrology books. The fateful day upon receiving the book titled, "Ancient Hindu Astrology for the Modern Western Astrologer"she became so absorbed on Vedic Astrology, that she never looked back. It explained circumstances in her life which could not be explained by Western Astrology alone. She practices the Parashara System, and stays with the traditional seven ancient planets. She has studied personally with Punditji Mahesh Shastriji of, Dennis Flaherty's correspondence course, tutoring with Penny Farrow, courses by James Kelleher, and finally through hours of individual study from a set of about 40 sundry books on Vedic Astrology purchased from Dennis Flaherty a week after having received James Braha's books (back in 2009). She will always consider herself a life-long student of Jyotish, considering how vast and deep this knowledge is. She continues to learn through the courses given by James Kelleher, a wonderful Jyotish Guruji!

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